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Tools and Resources


The IN STEP Center has composed a glossary of key terms utilized in team effectiveness research (TER). The glossary is divided into two sections, Emergent States and Team Processes.

Please click here for a pdf version of this resource.

Conceptual Model 

The IN STEP Center leverages team effectiveness research (TER) from industrial/organizational science and implementation science to generate team-based strategies, methods and tools to optimize the effectiveness of services for children with mental health and developmental needs. 


The above conceptual model depicts the role of team effectiveness research within evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation. Specifically, going from left to right in the model: 

  • The starting point is the clinical or service evidence-based practice along with a consideration of the team within which the EBP will be implemented.  

  • Team inputs include member and team characteristics along with the task characteristics that will drive the development a team-enhanced implementation strategy.  

  • In contrast to typical implementation strategies, team-enhanced implementation strategies incorporate a focus on mitigating challenges related to working within a team when applying the EBP. 

  • The team-enhanced strategy should enhance team mechanisms (i.e., team processes or emergent states), facilitating teamwork as related to the EBP. 

  • Enhanced team mechanisms result in improved implementation and clinical/service outcomes that require interdependent action.